Haematology, a subspecialty of internal medicine focuses on patients with disorders of the blood, bone marrow and lymphatic systems. Our team of haematologists at Star Hospitals is known for providing world-class treatment ensuring that our patients remain hale and hearty. Some of the conditions treated by our haematologists are described as follows:
It is characterized by a reduced amount of red blood cells or haemoglobin in the blood, which can lead to a shortage in the amount of oxygen that is carried to various parts of the body. Excessive blood loss or certain diseases breaking down the red blood cells and haemoglobin can also add to the occurrence of anaemia.
This can lead to symptoms such as a pale appearance, weakness, fatigue and breathlessness. In the case of iron deficiency anaemia, inadequate amounts of haemoglobin (oxygen-carrying compounds) are found in red blood cells. Haemoglobin contains one iron molecule at its core and if this iron is missing, red blood cells appear pale and small when viewed under the microscope.
Iron tablets or iron compound injections (in severe cases) are administered to treat iron deficiency anaemia.
Abnormalities in the globin chain inside a haemoglobin molecule cause genetic defects resulting in hemoglobinopathies. Sickle cell disease and thalassemia are few conditions to be taken cognizance of when suffering from this disorder.
Examples of platelet and bleeding disorders that may be treated by haematologists include idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), thrombocytopenic purpura, haemophilia and Von Willebrand disease. Treatment involves the use of engineered coagulation factor medications and blood transfusions.